Basic Grammatical Principles to Talk in English Effectively

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Basic Grammatical Principles to Talk in English Effectively

Every language is built on grammar, and English is no exception. Basic grammatical principles must be understood and used for efficient communication in English. To talk Efficiently in English, Join Spoken English Classes in Chennai at FITA Academy and speak like a native English speaker. Here are some basic grammatical principles to talk in English effectively, regardless of your level of experience:

Nouns and Pronouns

  • Nouns are names for things, places, things, or concepts. There are both singular and plural forms.
  • In order to minimize repetition, pronouns are words used instead of nouns. There are several common pronouns, including “he,” “she,” “it,” “they,” and “we.”


Verbs are words that describe situations, events, or actions. Every sentence has them at its center. They might be in the past, present, or future, among other tenses. Such as “I walked,” “I will walk,” and “I walk.”


  • Adjectives modify or describe nouns. They provide more information about the noun.
  • They can describe qualities such as size, color, shape, or opinions. For example, “the big home” or “the lovely sunset.”


  • Adverbs are words that explain or modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. They provide more details about how, when, where, or to what extent something occurs.
  • They often end in “-ly.” For example, “She ran quickly” or “He communicates softly.”


To indicate whether a noun is generic or specific, you put an article before it. English has three different articles: “a,” “an,” and “the.” The definite article “the” is used for typical nouns, whereas the indefinite articles “a” and “an” are used for broad or non-specific nouns. You can Learn English Speaking Course Online to improve the grammatical principle to talk in English effectively.


  • Prepositions in a sentence indicate the connections between nouns or pronouns and other words. They serve as markers for time, place, or orientation.
  • There are several common prepositions, including “in,” “on,” “at,” “by,” and “from.”


  • Conjunctions join phrases, sentences, or words. They help in connecting concepts or highlighting their interrelationships.
  • A few common conjunctions include “and,” “but,” “or,” “so,” and “because.”

Sentence Structure

  • The subject of a sentence is usually the object or person doing the action, and the predicate is the thing that is happening or the condition that is occurring.
  • Following their structural components, sentences can be categorized as simple, compound, or complex.

Subject-Verb Agreement

In a sentence, the number of the subject and verb must match. Plural subjects take plural verbs. Singular subjects take singular verbs.


Commas, question marks, periods, and exclamation points are employed as punctuation to improve writing’s clarity and organization. They mark pauses, punctuate phrases, and convey the sentence’s tone.

There are always exceptions and variances in English, but some basic grammatical principles offer the basis for solid communication. You will grow more familiar with these guidelines and better know how to apply them as you continue to study and practice. You can join Spoken English Classes Bangalore to improve your command of English grammar.